Excerpted from the October 2014 Socionomist
Part 1 of this 4-part study on the rise of the American security state considered the first major negative mood phase of the 20thcentury –1901 to 1921 – that laid the foundations for the structure of secrecy in the U.S. government.
Part 2 explores the authoritarian trends of the second major negative mood period – from 1929 to 1954 – such as the violent removal of the Bonus Army, the establishment of World War II Internment Camps, and the creation of the CIA and NSA.
Here is an excerpt of the October 2014 article.
Pearl Harbor and the American Security State in WWII
In April 1942, the nominal DJIA registered the low in a five-year decline. The severity of the negative mood trend was evident in a cluster of extreme events that transpired within months of the low: the bombing of Pearl Harbor, America’s entry into World War II, an acceleration of domestic surveillance and authoritarianism, and the creation of internment camps (see Figure 3).
By the time of American entry into World War II in December, 1941, the domestic intelligence capability of the FBI was fully mobilized and had been built up to levels resembling the 1917-1920 period.44
— ROBERT J. GOLDSTEIN, political repression
IN MODERN AMERICA: FROM 1870 TO 1976
The federal government’s plans for “dangerous enemy aliens” were already in place when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. In the days immediately following the attack, Roosevelt issued “Alien enemy” proclamations that covered approximately one million non-citizen Japanese, Germans and Italians living in America—the FBI actually arrested many German and Italian immigrants before the US had issued declarations of war against their home countries. Within 72 hours of the attack, the Bureau took 3,846 enemy aliens into custody, and by mid-1943 the FBI had arrested 16,000 “foreign subversives.” Two-thirds of them were later found innocent and released.
In the first year of the war, Roosevelt constantly pressured Attorney General Francis Biddle to silence domestic dissent: “He wanted this anti-war talk stopped,” even though such talk was “miniscule.” Biddle complied: Hundreds of individuals were charged with sedition under the Espionage Act of 1917.
Arguably the most egregious chapter of authoritarianism in the US commenced on February 19, 1942: President Roosevelt’s Executive Order 9066 authorized the internment of 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry into “War Relocation Camps.” The majority of internees were American citizens.…
The full text of this substantial, 13-page report reviews pre- and post-World War II authoritarian actions, including the U.S. Army attacks on WWI veterans, the formation of the Committee on Un-American Activities, the passage of the Smith Act, the creations of the NSA and the CIA and the Second Red Scare.
Want more content like this?
The Socionomist is the only monthly publication that offers you practical insights on the relationship between social mood, financial markets and cultural trends. Each issue warns you about big societal changes before they can harm you and reveals breakthrough opportunities emerging from trends in society. Become a socionomics member today and get instant access to The Socionomist.
(Socionomics Members: Log in for the full article and your complete, exclusive archive.)